Cyber Media Guidelines

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Regulations of the Press Council


Freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press are human rights protected by Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press.

Cyber media has a special character that requires guidelines so that its management can be carried out professionally, fulfilling its functions, rights and obligations in accordance with Law Number 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council together with press organizations, cyber media managers, and the public has developed the following Guidelines for Cyber Media News:

Cyber Media is any form of media that uses the internet and carries out journalistic activities, and meets the requirements of the Press Law and Press Company Standards set by the Press Council.

User Generated Content is any content created and or published by cyber media users, including articles, images, comments, sounds, videos and various forms of uploads attached to cyber media, such as blogs, forums, reader or viewer comments, and other forms.

Verification and balance of news
In principle, every news must go through verification.
News that can harm other parties requires verification of the same news to fulfill the principles of accuracy and balance.

The provisions in point (a) above are exempted, provided that:
– The news really contains urgent public interest;
– The first news source is clearly identified, credible and competent;
– The subject of the news that must be confirmed is unknown and or cannot be interviewed;

The media provides an explanation to the reader that the news still requires further verification, which is attempted as soon as possible. The explanation is published at the end of the same news item, in brackets and in italics.

After publishing news in accordance with point (c), the media is obliged to continue verification efforts, and after verification is obtained, the results of verification are included in the news update with a link to the unverified news.

User Generated Content
Cyber media must include terms and conditions regarding User Generated Content that does not conflict with Law No. 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics, which are placed clearly and clearly.
Cyber media requires each user to register for membership and carry out a log-in process in advance to be able to publish all forms of User-Generated Content. Provisions regarding log-in will be regulated further.

In the registration, cyber media requires users to give written consent that the published User-Generated Content:
– Does not contain false, slanderous, sadistic and obscene content;
– Does not contain content that contains prejudice and hatred related to ethnicity, religion, race, and intergroup (SARA), and advocates acts of violence;
– Does not contain discriminatory content on the basis of gender and language differences, and does not dehumanize the weak, poor, sick, mentally disabled, or physically disabled.

Cyber media has absolute authority to edit or delete User-Generated Content that conflicts with point (c).

Cyber media must provide a complaint mechanism for User-Generated Content that is considered to violate the provisions in point (c). The mechanism must be provided in a place that can be easily accessed by users.

Cyber media is obliged to edit, delete, and take corrective action for any User-Generated Content that is reported and violates the provisions of point (c), as soon as possible proportionally no later than 2 x 24 hours after the complaint is received.

Cyber media that have fulfilled the provisions in items (a), (b), (c), and (f) are not burdened with responsibility for problems caused by posting content that violates the provisions in item (c).

Cyber media is responsible for the reported User-Generated Content if it does not take corrective action after the time limit as mentioned in point (f).

4. Error, Correction, and Right of Reply
Errors, corrections, and rights of reply refer to the Press Law, the Journalistic Code of Ethics, and the Guidelines for Rights of Reply established by the Press Council.

Errors, corrections and or rights of reply must be linked to the news that is corrected, corrected or given the right of reply.
The time of publication of the error, correction, and or right of reply must be included in each news item.

If a certain cyber media news is disseminated by other cyber media, then:
– The responsibility of the news-making cyber media is limited to the news published on that cyber media or cyber media under its technical authority;
– News corrections made by a cyber media must also be made by other cyber media that quote news from the corrected cyber media;
– The media that disseminates news from a cyber media and does not make corrections to the news as carried out by the cyber media owner and / or news maker, is fully responsible for all legal consequences of the uncorrected news.
– In accordance with the Press Law, cyber media that do not serve the right of reply can be sentenced to a maximum fine of Rp500,000,000 (Five hundred million rupiah).

5. Retraction of News
News that has been published cannot be retracted for reasons of censorship from outside the editorial team, unless it is related to racial issues, decency, the future of children, the traumatic experience of victims or based on other special considerations determined by the Press Council.

Other cyber media must follow the revocation of news excerpts from the original media that have been revoked.

News retraction must be accompanied by reasons for retraction and announced to the public.

6. Advertising
Cyber media must clearly distinguish between news products and advertising.
Any news/article/ content that is advertisement and or paid content must include the caption .advertorial., .advertisement., .ads., .sponsored., or other words that explain that the news/article/ content is advertisement.

7. Copyright
Cyber media must respect copyright as stipulated in the applicable laws and regulations.

8. Inclusion of Guidelines
Cyber media must include these Cyber Media Reporting Guidelines in their media in a clear and clear manner.

9. Disputes
The final judgment on disputes regarding the implementation of these Cyber Media Reporting Guidelines shall be resolved by the Press Council.

Jakarta, February 3, 2012
(These guidelines are signed by the Press Council and the press community in Jakarta, February 3, 2012).